As a legal professional, I have always been fascinated by the relationship between law and socio-economic development. My research interests fall into the fields of law, economics, education, traditional knowledge and their intersections. I devote myself into the studies on the economic, social and political preferences, decisions and outcomes of individuals, families, groups and organizations. With the rise of latest policies of Government of India viz. Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and Make in India maintaining the harmony with the globalization, there is a broader effort in the social sciences to study the link between cultural identity, human mobility, and economic development in the contemporary world. I hope that my research will contribute to this as well. My current research areas can be organised into following themes;

Alternative dispute resolution mechanisms

Justice delayed is often said as justice denied. As reported by the Economic Times over 4.70 crore cases are pending in various courts of our country, of which 87.4% are pending in subordinate courts, 12.4% in High Courts, while nearly 1,82,000 cases have been pending for over 30 years, reports The Hindu. Alternative dispute resolution (popularly known as ADR) mechanism provides scientifically developed techniques to Indian judiciary which helps in reducing the burden on the courts. ADR provides various modes of settlement including, arbitration, conciliation, mediation, negotiation and Lok Adalat. I have published two books on arbitration law in India. Working papers in this theme are;

  • Institutional arbitration in India and it future
  • Need for institutional arbitration in major infrastructure projects in India
Competition law and intellectual property rights

IPR and competition law are two favourite subjects since my law school days. Though in law schools these subjects are taught individually, both these subjects are interconnected in many aspects. I have six research papers, two books and three book chapters published in this area, including the one on introducing the patent law to the readers and the other was an in-depth commentary on the Indian competition law. Working papers in this theme are as follows;

  • Competition issues in the Indian film industry
  • Abuse of copyright dominance in USA, EU and India – A Comparative analysis
  • Need for brand building and managing intellectual property rights in Indian context
Contract drafting in the twenty first century

Contract drafting is the step-by-step process which involves in narrating the terms and conditions that the parties to said contract mutually agreed to comply with. It helps them to facilitate innovation, creativity, and business expansion. When contracts are drafted well, companies can enjoy a number of benefits, from avoiding a breach of contract and litigation to improved business relationships. But drafting a contract is easier said than done. A poorly drafted contract creates ambiguity, confusion, and misunderstandings that can derail business and other deals. I have published an article/column on this theme and currently working on following papers;

  • Introduction to contract drafting
  • Contract drafting for business collaborations focusing on IP development
  • Must have conditions in every contracts
How to protect our traditional knowledge

Generally speaking, traditional knowledge is the knowledge systems embedded in the cultural traditions of regional, indigenous, or local communities. Therefore, it is also called as indigenous knowledge or local knowledge. It is considered as a part of the collective ownership of the community and is transmitted across generations through traditional ways. We can find the traditional knowledge in wide variety of context such as; agricultural, biodiversity – related knowledge, ecological, medicinal knowledge, scientific, and technical knowledge.

Traditional knowledge has been passed for years orally from generations to generations. The inventions based on the traditional knowledge can be protected either as a patent, trademark or a geographical indication. However, such traditional or indigenous knowledge, which was the basis for such invention, are not generally protected under the conventional forms of intellectual property rights.

Significance of traditional knowledge has been developed drastically in the recent years in view of its increasing values in the field of biotechnology and herbal. It is difficult for assessing the value of the products derived through the research carried out based on the indigenous knowledge. Hence, in consideration of the growing significance of the traditional knowledge in the economy as well as health sector, protection of the indigenous knowledge is a necessity and, a part of the value created by protecting the local knowledge shall be transferred back to the actual authors (indigenous people) of such knowledge.

Submitted a detailed proposal to Government of India along with possible options to protect the traditional knowledge in India.

Reviving Indian education system

The Indian education system is conducive to the holistic development of an individual. At the same time, it is aimed at harmoniously integrating and nurturing family, society, nation and the universe. However, the existing system is nothing but the continuation of the system introduced by Macaulay, resulting only in promoting political and intellectual slavery. Independent India failed to break this frame work and such failure affected the entire infrastructure as education is the cornerstone of nation building. However, in 2020 Government of India introduced the National Education Policy recognising the uniqueness of Indian philosophy and incorporating Indian values to its possible extent in the education system, so that it will nurture and sustain constructive thinking and research skills of our future generations. Five columns/articles of mine in this theme got published in national/regional dailies. Currently working on a manuscript (book) on Indian education system.

Urban planning, Urban mobility and public transport systems

Rapid urban growth and rising mobility demand in emerging cities in emerging economies call for a consistent and comprehensive urban mobility policy framework. Implementing sustainable urban mobility policies in these cities is complicated by fragmented governance structures, conflicting policy priorities and lack of effective financing mechanisms. In a country like India, it is the need of the hour to revisit our policies on urban planning, mobility and public transportation systems and its effective implementation. I presented a paper titled the legal and governance challenges to urban mobility and transport systems in India, at the National Seminar on Smart laws for smart cities: agenda for reform, consolidation and codification held at Bangalore in 2018. I had an opportunity to be a part of the KMTA Cell constituted to establish the Kochi Metropolitan Transport Authority under the Kerala Metropolitan Transport Authority Act, 2019 and drafted the Regulations for the same.